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中国共产党执政危机观念提升探究

时间:2017-04-08 来源:88必发老虎机 所属分类: 党建论文 本文字数:3961字
  摘 要
  
  中国共产党执政 67 年以来,始终以高度的历史使命感对可能面临的执政危机保持着高度的警觉,形成了正确的执政危机意识。改革开放以来,党的中央领导集体清醒认识到党的执政地位不是一劳永逸、一成不变的,全党必须居安思危,增强忧患意识。从一定意义上说,每个执政党都会面临失去执政地位的风险。增强执政危机意识是我们党执政的宝贵经验,是加强执政党建设的永恒议题,是提高执政能力、提高党的建设科学化水平的根本途径。对于当代中国共产党人来说,能不能正确认识和洞察潜在的执政危机,有没有强烈而又科学的执政危机意识,有利于我们在错综复杂的国际环境中求生存、谋发展;有利于我们巩固国内改革成果,全面实现小康社会目标;有利于我们建设好党,提高党的建设科学化水平。
  
  总之,增强执政危机意识直接关系到党的执政能力的提高,关系到党的执政地位的保持和巩固,关系到党的事业的兴衰成败。
  
  本文在对执政危机及执政危机意识进行理论梳理,对中国共产党执政危机意识的历史演进进行系统考察的基础上,总结中国共产党增强执政危机意识的历史经验,提出增强中国共产党执政危机意识的对策建议,为中国共产党化解执政危机提供理论支撑。
  
  本文主要分为四大部分:第一部分界定了执政危机、执政危机意识及中国共产党执政危机意识的基本内涵,分析了中国共产党执政危机意识的基本特征,阐明了中国共产党增强执政危机意识的现实意义。第二部分系统考察了中国共产党增强执政危机意识的历史演进过程。从毛泽东、邓小平、江泽民、胡锦涛到习近平,笔者通过截取历史断面、选取历史重大事件或领导人重要讲话来考察中国共产党不断执政危机意识的历程。第三部分归纳总结了中国共产党增强执政危机意识的历史经验。通过对党增强执政危机意识的历史考察提炼了六条历史经验,涵盖理想信念、制度建设、体制改革、优良作风、时代精神、执政基础、意识转化、执政能力建设等方面。第四部分提出了中国共产党化解执政危机增强执政危机意识的具体对策。党化解执政危机增强执政危机意识,要以习近平执政思想为指导,不断提高党的执政能力;要丰富党的执政资源体系,完善党的执政体制;要加强重大危机事件预警和应急机制建设;要加强作风建设和反腐倡廉建设;要强化执政危机意识教育。
  
  关键词:中国共产党;执政危机意识;历史经验;路径
  
  Abstract

  
  Since the ruling of the Communist Party of China for 67 years, with a high senseof historical mission, the government has maintained a high degree of awareness ofthe ruling crisis, and formed the correct awareness of the ruling crisis.Since thereform and opening up, the leadership of the CPC Central Committee collective soberunderstanding to the party's ruling position not once, immutable, the whole Party mustbe vigilant in peace time, enhance the sense of urgency.In a certain sense, each rulingparty will face the risk of losing its ruling status.Enhancing the sense of ruling crisis isthe valuable experience of our party in power, it is the eternal topic of strengtheningthe construction of the ruling party, it is the basic way to improve the ability ofadministration and to improve the scientific level of the party's construction.For thecontemporary Communist Party of China, can not be a correct understanding of andinsight into the potential of the ruling crisis, there is no strong and Scientific Rulingcrisis consciousness, is beneficial to us in the complex international environment ofsurvival, seek development; help us to consolidate the achievements of the reform, thefull realization of the goal of a well-off society in an all-round way; is conducive toour construction of the party, improve the scientific level of Party building.In a word,enhancing the consciousness of the ruling crisis is directly related to the improvementof the party's ruling ability, which is related to the maintaining and consolidating ofthe party's ruling status, which is related to the success or failure of the cause of theparty.
  
  In this paper on the ruling crisis and the ruling crisis consciousness theories offoundation of the Communist Party of China Governing the historical evolution of thesense of crisis systematically, the summary of the Chinese Communist Party tostrengthen the ruling crisis awareness of historical experience, puts forwardcountermeasures and suggestions of strengthening the ruling Communist Party ofChina's crisis consciousness, knowledge, for the Communist Party of China resolveruling crisis and provide a theoretical support.
  
  This paper is divided into four parts: the first part defines the ruling crisis, theruling crisis consciousness and the Communist Party of China's ruling, the basicconnotation of the sense of crisis, analysis of the Chinese Communist Party ruling thebasic features of the sense of crisis, expounds the Chinese Communist Party tostrengthen the ruling crisis consciousness and realistic meaning.The second partsystematically reviews the historical evolution of the Chinese Communist Party tostrengthen the consciousness of the ruling crisis.From Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping,Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao to Xi Jinping, the author through the interception of thehistorical section, select the important speech of major events in history or leaders toexamine the Communist Party of China has been ruling crisis consciousness ofhistory.The third part summarizes the historical experience of the Communist Party ofChina to strengthen the consciousness of the crisis.The party to strengthen the rulingcrisis consciousness of historical investigation of refining the six historical experience,covering the ideals and beliefs, system construction, system reform, have a fine styleof work, the spirit of the times, ruling foundation, transformation of consciousness,the ruling ability construction.The fourth part puts forward the concretecountermeasures of the Communist Party of China to resolve the ruling crisis andenhance the consciousness of the ruling crisis.The party to resolve the political crisisto strengthen the ruling crisis consciousness, to Xi Jinping, the ruling thought as aguide, and constantly improve the party's ruling ability; to enrich the party's rulingresources system, improve the party's governing system; to strengthen theconstruction of a major crisis early warning and emergency mechanism; to strengthenthe style construction and anti-corruption; to strengthen the ruling crisis consciousnesseducation.
  
  Key words: The Chinese Communist Party; The ruling crisis consciousness;Historical experience; Path


  目 录
  

  绪 论
  
  一、研究背景与意义
  
  二、研究现状述评
  
  三、研究思路与方法
  
  四、研究的创新与难点
  
  第一章 执政危机及执政危机意识的理论梳理
  
  一、执政危机的基本内涵
  
  二、执政危机意识的基本内涵
  
  三、中国共产党的执政危机意识
  
  四、中国共产党执政危机意识的基本特征
  
  五、中国共产党增强执政危机意识的现实意义
  
  (一)巩固执政地位的需要
  
  (二)完成历史使命的需要
  
  (三)应对复杂现实环境的需要
  
  第二章 中国共产党增强执政危机意识的历史演进
  
  一、以毛泽东为核心的第一代中央领导集体的执政危机意识
  
  (一)“甲申三百年祭”与危机意识
  
  (二)跳出“历史周期律”与危机意识
  
  (三)“两个务必”与危机意识
  
  (四)“波匈事件”反思与危机意识
  
  二、以邓小平为核心的第二代中央领导集体的执政危机意识
  
  (一)“解放思想”与执政危机意识
  
  (二)改革开放与执政危机意识
  
  三、以江泽民为核心的第三代中央领导集体的执政危机意识
  
  (一)长期执政考验与执政危机意识
  
  (二)市场经济考验与执政危机意识
  
  四、以胡锦涛为总书记的中央领导集体的执政危机意识
  
  (一)应对四大危险与执政危机意识
  
  (二)应对外部考验与执政危机意识
  
  五、以习近平为总书记的中央领导集体的执政危机意识
  
  (一)反腐败斗争与执政危机意识
  
  (二)群众路线教育实践活动与执政危机意识
  
  (三)“三严三实”教育实践活动与执政危机意识
  
  第三章 中国共产党增强执政危机意识的历史经验
  
  一、坚定理想信念,不断增强历史使命感
  
  二、加强制度建设,深化体制改革
  
  三、继承党的优良作风,时刻保持清醒的政治头脑
  
  四、弘扬时代精神,保持永不懈怠的精神状态
  
  五、保持党同人民群众的血肉联系,不断巩固党的执政基础
  
  六、“执政危机意识”转化为“执政能力”,加强党的执政能力建设
  
  第四章 中国共产党化解执政危机增强执政危机意识的路径选择
  
  一、以习近平执政思想为指导,不断提高党的执政能力,是党化解执政危机、增强执政危机意识的关键
  
  二、丰富党的执政资源体系,完善执政体制,是党化解执政危机、增强执政危机意识的重要保障
  
  三、加强重大危机事件预警和应急机制建设,是党化解执政危机、增强执政危机意识的工作重心
  
  四、加强作风建设和反腐倡廉建设,是党化解执政危机、增强执政危机意识的重要抓手
  
  五、强化执政危机意识教育,是党化解执政危机、增强执政危机意识的重要措施
  
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