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大学网球训练中多方向移动训练的运用分析

时间:2017-04-05 来源:88必发老虎机 所属分类: 运动训练学论文 本文字数:3619字
    本篇论文目录导航:

【题目】 大学网球训练中多方向移动训练的运用分析
【第一章 - 2.2】多方向移动训练原理
【2.3 - 2.5】现阶段网球训练方法的突出问题
【第三章】网球多方向移动训练研究方法
【4.1 4.2】多方向移动训练方法在网球训练中的应用价值
【4.3 - 4.5】实验组多方向移动训练的内容和方法
【结论/88必发线上老虎机】多方向移动训练与网球训练的结合研究结论与88必发线上老虎机
  目 录
  
  摘 要
  
  Abstract
  
  第 1 章 前言
  
  1.1 选题依据
  
  1.2 选题目的、意义
  
  第 2 章 文献综述
  
  2.1 多方向移动训练方法的界定
  
  2.2 多方向移动训练原理
  
  2.2.1 多方向移动训练的生理学原理
  
  2.2.2 多方向移动训练的运动力学原理
  
  2.2.3 多方向移动训练的动作模式分析
  
  2.3 国内外研究现状
  
  2.3.1 国内研究现状
  
  2.3.2 国外研究现状
  
  2.4 多方向移动训练方法的引进与发展
  
  2.5 现阶段网球训练方法的突出问题
  
  第 3 章 研究对象与方法
  
  3.1 研究对象
  
  3.2 研究方法
  
  3.2.1 文献资料法
  
  3.2.2 访谈法
  
  3.2.3 问卷调查法
  
  3.2.4 实验法
  
  3.2.5 数理统计法
  
  第 4 章 研究结果与分析
  
  4.1 多方向移动训练方法在网球训练中的应用价值
  
  4.1.1 提高神经系统的灵敏性
  
  4.1.2 提高动作的速率与频率
  
  4.1.3 提高应急反应和变向能力
  
  4.1.4 提高起动与加速能力
  
  4.1.5 提高缓冲与制动能力
  
  4.2 实验测试内容与分析
  
  4.3 实验前测试结果与分析
  
  4.3.1 两组学生身体形态测试情况的对比
  
  4.3.2 两组学生身体素质测试情况的对比
  
  4.3.3 两组学生基本技术测试情况的对比
  
  4.4 实验组多方向移动训练的内容和方法
  
  4.4.1 背向转身加速跑训练
  
  4.4.2 同向侧蹬平行移动训练
  
  4.4.3 变向侧蹬平行移动训练
  
  4.4.4 侧向交叉跑训练
  
  4.4.5 “T”字形变向跑训练
  
  4.4.6 “Y”字形变向跑训练
  
  4.4.7 “S”字形变向跑训练
  
  4.4.8 “Z”字形变向跑训练
  
  4.4.9 “W”字型变向跑训练
  
  4.5 实验后测试结果与分析
  
  4.5.1 实验组和对照组身体素质测试情况的对比
  
  4.5.2 实验组和对照组基本技术测试情况的对比
  
  4.5.3 实验组和对照组比赛成绩测试情况的对比
  
  4.5.4 实验组和对照组比赛中技术指标的对比
  
  结论与建议
  
  结论
  
  建议
  
  88必发线上老虎机
  
  致 谢


  摘 要
  

  自从我国女子网球运动员在世界网坛上取得了骄人的战绩,我国网球运动愈发充满生机和活力,各高校网球训练队的组建和网球比赛的举办也在快速的发展,怎样使高校网球比赛更加精彩、选手能发挥自己应有的水平,这些问题值得每一位网球工作者和爱好者深入地思考。高校网球运动员在学习网球运动时,经常忽略一项非常重要的技术:多方向移动技术。移动是各类体育项目都具有的一个基本要素,多方向移动是若干个单一移动技术的复合体,也是力量、速度、灵敏、协调等素质的综合体现,通过多方向移动训练可以最大限度地使运动员、体育爱好者和学生的速度与灵敏素质得到训练和提高,使练习者在球场上应对各种随机的事件时都能表现出出色的位移能力。同时,多方向移动能力的掌握,更有利于网球运动员基本技术的学习和比赛能力的发挥。
  
  随着国外身体运动功能训练方法的引进与发展,多方向移动训练方法在国外已获得普遍认可,尤其在提高身体素质和比赛能力方面得到广泛的好评,但是国内学者涉及的较少。本文就笔者的研究方向,对多方向移动训练方法在高校网球训练中的应用价值及具体训练内容进行研究,筛选出适合发展高校网球运动员多方向移动能力的具体训练内容,以达到提高网球运动员身体素质、基本技术和比赛能力的目的,同时,为其它高校格网对抗类项目多方向移动能力的发展提供参考。
  
  本文主要采用实验法,以哈尔滨学院体育系 14 届网球训练队 16 名男生为研究对象,随机分为实验组与对照组,两组实验者的训练内容相同,唯一不同的是实验组在基本技术学习前加入多方向移动训练。实验前测试内容为身体形态、身体素质、基本技术,实验后测试内容为身体素质、基本技术、比赛成绩和比赛中相应技术指标的统计。得出以下结论:
  
  (1)多方向移动训练方法对高校网球运动员身体素质、基本技术和比赛能力有明显提高。
  
  (2)提高运动员身体素质方面,主要表现在灵敏性和移动能力有明显增强。
  
  (3)提高运动员基本技术方面,主要表现在击球的准确性有明显提高。
  
  (4)提高运动员比赛能力方面,主要表现在总得分和制胜分增多、非受迫性失误减少。
  
  (5)多方向移动训练方法与手段简单易行,适用于高校网球训练队的日常训练。
  
  关键词:网球;多方向移动训练;比赛能力
  
  Abstract

  
  The Chinese woman's tennis athletes have achieved impressive record in theworld of tennis, it makes Chinese full of vitality and hope. The formation of the collegetennis training and the tennis team was held in rapid develop. How to make the tennisgame more exciting and players can play their proper level is an im portant topic toevery tennis athletes or tennis am ateurs. When collage tennis athlete first begun tolearn tennis, they always ignore a ve ry important technology: the study ofmulti-directional movement training. Most collage tennis training team is based ontechnical training. It is m ain include: basic skills of tennis forehand and backhand,volley ball, ball, high pressure, lob, drop shot s of the six basic fundam ental, ignore akey technology: multi-directional movement. Movement is a basic elem ent for everyphysical training. Multi-directional move ment is a complex of several single m obiletechnologies. And also it is the strength, speed, agility, coordination and other qualitiesof the comprehensive embodiment. The speed and the sensitive fitness of athlete, thephysical amateur and students can be eas ily improved through the m ulti-directionalmovement. Meanwhile the disp lacement ability can be easily show of f through thistraining. Only mastering the technology of m ulti-directional movement can we bettergrasp the tennis basic skill. It is the real sense of the master of tennis. And then we canachieve the excellent academic performance.
  
  Tennis, classified as a skills-dom inated across-net antagonistic sport event, thegood sensitivity, response speed, movem ent speed and explosive fo rce, are the basisfor athletes to com plete high qual ity technology. With the introduction anddevelopment of foreign body m ovement function training method, multi-directionalmovement training method in foreign countries has been obtained generally recognized,especially in improving physical fitness and master the reasonable footwork ability hasbeen widely praised, but dom estic scholars involved less. In this paper, the author'sresearch direction, the application value of multi-directional movement trainingmethod in college tennis training and specific training content research, has reached tothe purpose of i mproving the tennis athlet e's physical quality, basic skills and thecompetition ability. Then selected suitable for the development of college tennis athletemulti-directional movement of specific training content. Meanwhile it prov ides thereference for the college grid against athlete developm ent about direction m ovementability.
  
  We use the experimental method in thispaper.We choose one tennis training team which consist of 16 boys. They all come from Grade 2014 in Harbin University. The experiment was divided into the experimentalgroup and the control group random ly. The content of the training is the sam e. Theonly difference is that the exper imental group added the multi-d irection movementtraining before the basic technology study . Before the experiment, the content of thetest is body shape, physical quality and basic technology. After the experim ent, thecontent of the test is ph ysical fitness, basic technology, competition performance andtechnical indicators of the game statistics.Above these, I made a conclusion:
  
  1.Through the m ulti-direction movement, training can improve the physicalquality, basic skills and competition ability of tennis players.
  
  2.Multi-direction movement training in improving the physic al quality of theathletes made sensitive quality and moving ability increased significantly.
  
  3.Multi-direction movement training in improving the basic technical aspects ofthe athletes made the accuracy of the shot increased significantly.
  
  4.Multi-direction movement training in improving the basic technical aspects ofthe athletes made the winning points increased and the non-forced mistakes reduced.
  
  5.Multi-direction movement training methods are simple and easy to be applied tothe daily training of college tennis team.
  
  Keywords: Tennis; Multi-directional movement training; The competition ability
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